Model Cities Year 3 Inception Workshop

Announcements, Regional Events, Thailand
July 11, 2016

modelcitiesy3inceptionwsgroupphoto-mediumGroup photo of the Year 3 Inception Workshop

The Inception Workshop of the ASEAN ESC Model Cities Programme (Year 3) was held on 28 – 29 May 2014 in Nonthaburi, Thailand. There were 50 participants comprising representatives from all ASEAN Member States (AMS) (except Brunei Darussalam and Singapore), the ASEAN Secretariat (Coordinating Agency), local governments nominated as Year 3 ‘Model Cities’, IGES (Implementing Agency) and Mahidol University, Thailand, an advisory body for Thai Model Cities Programme.

The objective of the Workshop was to evaluate and endorse the proposals on country-based ESC Model Cities Programmes and capacity-building activities submitted by national and local governments, as well as to discuss matters related to the implementation, including the budget allocation, timeline of actions and future directions of the programme.

Vann Monyneath (Chair, ASEAN Working Group on Environmentally Sustainable Cities (AWGESC)) and Ms. Mardiah Hayati (Technical Officer, ASEAN Secretariat) delivered Welcome Remarks.

Toshizo Maeda (Director, IGES Regional Centre) and Ms. Shom Teoh (Programme Manager, Sustainable Cities, IGES) introduced the programme’s background and summarised its outputs and achievements since its commencement in 2011. They briefed participants on the expected results in Year 3, implementation arrangements and highlighted particular topics for deeper discussion: (i) the importance of monitoring progress using quantifiable indicators potentially liked to the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and ASEAN ESC indicators for Clean Air, Water and Land, Singapore City Biodiversity Index (CBI) in addition to showing photos of obvious ‘Before and After’ transformation in project sites; (ii) topics and host cities for 2 – 3 regional study visits, including potentially in Japanese cities; and (iii) future directions for sustaining the programme.


The Meeting noted and endorsed the activity proposals from 8 country teams represented by National Focal Points (NFPs) and respective nominated Model Cities, which are summarised as follows:


Proposed Year 3 Activities



Continue the development and nationwide dissemination of the National ESC Guidelines.


Initiate a pilot ‘Model Green Building’, focusing on solid waste management (SWM) and better overall environmental management.


Establish a Model Eco-School focusing on SWM, renewable energy and awareness raising campaigns.



Continue promoting waste bank replication and local climate change strategies through the recently rebranded national Adipura Green City Awards.


Scale up citywide replication of waste banks to achieve the goal of at least 50 new community waste banks established in one year.


Establish local ‘Data Revolution’ in Malang City by training at least 30 schools on Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV).



Organise a National Workshop on Green City Development and SDGs as well as strengthening project performance evaluation and assessment.

Luang Prabang

Establish a Model Village with innovative decentralised wastewater systems, the city’s first Model Green Public Toilet and Model Green School.



Promote ESC and the SDGs through MURNInet and Green Neighbourhoods national platforms.

Pantai Cunang

Establish Model Beach community with eco-friendly and sufficiency practices, including rainwater harvesting, solar energy, composting and mangrove protection.

Port Dickson

Support the creation of a self-sustaining community network of urban organic farming (with upgraded methods) at under-utilised public open spaces.



Organise the following: (i) Workshop on Promotion of Environmental Education to Monywa City, Capital of Sagaing Region; National Workshop on Reliable data Collection of SWM System and Identified the Indicators aligning with the ESC Indicators; and (iii) Create and distribute cartoon video clips for Environmental Education (covering issues such as air pollution, water pollution, GHG effects, 3Rs, Global Warming, etc.)


Mandalay City will continue to implement environmental awareness in schools and for the general public, including: (i) training for city staff and teachers; (ii) pilot project for waste segregation in waste collection system; and (iii) essay competition.

Yangon and Pyin Oo Lwin will submit more detailed proposals after Inception Workshop after further internal consultations among stakeholders.

Pyin Oo Lwin




Provide technical assistance and capacity building as well as coordinate external assistance from international agencies to Model Cities through the nationwide ‘Eco Friendly and Healthy Cities’ programme which has listed 24 Model Cities. Continue to ‘marry’ ESC with Environmental Education (EE) and incorporate the SDGs into existing programme framework.


Develop a Model Foreshore Boulevard with Public Learning Centre, Central Materials Recovery Facility (MRF), transform the Creekside Road End and implement Model Eco-Schools through multi-stakeholder cooperation, focusing on SWM and innovative environmental education



Provide capacity building, facilitate city-to-city learning and promote networking to the three Year 3 Model Cities through the national Model Cities programme.


Establish a Model ‘Natural Classroom’ in the city’s Community Forest and strengthen public participation in hazardous waste management.


Establish a Model Public Health Food Centre (with good practices on waste management, landscaping, traffic management and wastewater treatment) and a Model Green Park and Public Spaces with energy saving facilities.


Upgrade a mangrove station into a Model Public ESC Learning. Organise capacity building activities for stakeholders to transform the Krabi Estuary Farming Community, Hin Kwang Floating Market and Andaman Art & Cultural Centre.

Viet Nam


Organise a ‘National Dialogue on Environmental Sustainable and Climate Change Adaptation Indices for Cities in Viet Nam’

Can Tho

Establish a Model Community in Cai Rang district (for replication to other districts), focusing on improving SWM, sanitation and overall environmental protection, particularly through empowering the women association as a lead stakeholder for overall awareness raising.


After presentations, participants discussed and agreed on the key follow-up actions on common issues.  On the issue of ‘M&E Indicators’, Model Cities were requested to utilise project-based ‘Before and After’ indicators to demonstrate their achievements in a concrete and persuasive manner. Model Cities were encouraged, if possible, to incorporate the ASEAN ESC Indicators on Clean Air, Clean Water & Clean Land, CBI as well as the SDGs indicators in their project indicators. (ANNEX 5 – ASEAN ESC Key Indicators on Clean Air, Clean Water and Clean Land; ANNEX 6 – Singapore City Biodiversity Index (CBI); and ANNEX 7 – Final list of SDGs Indicators )

On the way forward for sustaining the programme, Model Cities Year 4 may be proposed for further funding by Japan-ASEAN Integration Fund (JAIF) and planned for implementation in 2017 – 2018. In relation to that, participants communicated to IGES regarding the study visit sites/host cities they wish to attend for particular subjects for their capacity building. To improve the chances for securing additional funding from other organisations, it is important for AMS to produce achievement reports backed by attractive photos, quantitative data and budget contributions from domestic budget as a sign of ‘value for money’ to the funder.

It was also agreed that future activities may focus on:

o   Promoting mutual learning through study visits among ASEAN Model Cities, as well as with Japanese cities;

o   Strengthening national Model Cities programmes; and

o   Spin-off programmes targeting particular sectors/ geographical coverage

The World Urban Forum, which is planned to be held in February 2018 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, may be a potential back-to-back event to be linked to the 9th High Level Seminar on ESC.

Overall, participants became aware of their common interest areas (especially common Model Sites, such as Eco-Schools) and exchanged contacts so that they can keep in touch individually after the workshop for mutual guidance and consultations.  The NFPs and Model Cities will revise their proposals with enhancements within two weeks to move forward towards actual ground implementation.


The Meeting held a half-day site visit which was co-organised jointly with Nonthaburi Municipality, Thailand. Participants observed operations at the Nonthaburi City Environmental Health Quality Development & Services Centre and learnt about good practices on SWM, hazardous waste management, bio-fertiliser production from septage and renewable energy (on-site grid-connected solar power system) Participants also visited the Nonthaburi Municipality Mayor’s Office and learnt about Nonthaburi’s good practices on flood management which was employed with success during the Great Flood 2011 in Thailand.


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