The National Focal Point for ESC in Cambodia sits within the Ministry of the Environment. In Year 1 of the programme, Cambodia worked to identify and disseminate nationally good practices within cities. In Year 2 Cambodia has been working to integrate ASEAN ESC Indicators into national ESC guidelines. Cambodia is also the current Chair of the ASEAN Working Group on ESC, which works to promote and integrate ESC activities regionally.
Phnom Penh is the capital city of Cambodia, located in the centre of the south of the country. Under the ASEAN ESC Model Cities Programme the city has been involved in working to raise public awareness on environmental sustainability with a focus on plastic bag reduction.
Indonesia's National Focal Point for ESC rests with the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, which is a newly created ministry following the merger of the Ministries of the Environment and Forestry. ESC is long established in Indonesia with cities' efforts being acknowledged through the Adipura Environmental Awards. Indonesia has contributed to the ASEAN ESC Model Cities Programme through supporting city activities and disseminating good practices nationally.
Palembang is the capital of South Sumatra Province in western Indonesia and the fifth biggest city in Indonesia. Under the ASEAN ESC Model Cities Programme Palembang implemented model waste banks within the city as a part of community level waste management activities.
Surabaya, located on the east coast of Java, is the second largest city in Indonesia. Surabaya implemented model waste banks within its city as part of community level waste management activities under the ASEAN ESC Model Cities Programme.
The National Focal for ESC in Lao PDR sits with the Ministry of Public Works and Transport. ESC is a relatively new topic in Lao PDR, so in Year 1 the national government selected Xamneua for capacity building and demonstration projects before disseminating the findings to cities local to Xamneua. In Year 2, Lao PDR has continued to support local level demonstration projects whilst working to create national ESC guidelines.
In Year 1 of the ASEAN ESC Model Cities Programme, the National Focal Point for ESC sat with the Department of the Environment. Malaysia contributed to the programme through supporting the activities of North Kuching and disseminating their achievements through both a national workshop and the creation and dissemination of publicity materials.
Located in Sarawak in the north side of Borneo, North Kuching was nominated to participate in the ASEAN ESC Model Cities Programme due to their commitment and efforts in implementing environmental conservation programmes, which have twice won them the national Sustainable Cities Environment Award. Under the programme, North Kuching undertook capacity building to improve their composting activities with both household activities and their centralised composting centre.
In Myanmar, Yangon City holds the National Focal Point on ESC. In Year 1, Myanmar supported the ASEAN ESC Model Cities Programme through a capacity building programme on wastewater for local government officials. In Year 2 Myanmar has focused on supporting environmental education programmes at the local level as well as commencing research into national ESC guidelines.
The National Focal Point for ESC in the Philippines sits in the Department of Environment and Natural Resources. The Philippines has nationally nominated 17 ESC cities with at least one per region of the country, from these the ASEAN ESC Model Cities are selected. The Philippines assisted the cities in the implementation of activities as well as sharing good practices through a national workshop.
The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment is the home of the National Focal Point for ESC in Thailand. Thailand has long been a supporter of ESC work in line with His Majesty's sufficiency economy philosophy. Thailand established the Livable City Award in 2004 to highlight excellence in urban sustainability. The national government contributes to the ASEAN ESC Model Cities Programme by supporting the cities in their activities as well as hosting a national workshop for information sharing, networking and good practice dissemination.
Viet Nam's National Focal Point for ESC is located in the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment. During Year 1 and 2 Viet Nam has been working to create national ESC guidelines towards the establishment of national ESC awards in addition to assisting the cities with the implementation of activities.